The guitar is a stringed musical instrument which typically has six horizontal strings, each tuned to a different note. It is played flat against the body of the player and held flat against the thigh, while also plucked or strummed by the fingers of the other hand. There are a variety of musical scales used for this instrument and each scale has a specific number of strings necessary to be plucked or strummed to produce a range of notes. The guitar player holds the guitar between the index finger and middle finger of the right hand. The tuning of the guitar is usually done in the open position, although some guitars may be fitted with tuning machines to provide a more familiar tuning.
As the name indicates, the acoustic guitar is an acoustic guitar which does not have a steel toned body or neck. Many guitar players prefer to use these kinds of guitars for playing slow popular music, because there is less pressure required to tune them. The tuning keys on these kinds of guitars are normally mounted above the sound hole, so that they can be easily shifted without loosening any of the strings. The guitars which have fixed tuning keys are known as standard guitars.
Another type of guitar, which is quite popular today is the electric guitar. Electric guitars are basically similar to the acoustic ones in that they both have standard tuning but they also contain electronics to give them their distinctive sound. The electric guitar can be used to play a variety of tunes, thanks to its electronic components. One famous guitarist who was famous for his guitar work with a classic rock style was Jimi Hendrix. An electric guitar may be plugged into an amplifier and even has pickup preamp pickups so that it can be used as a soundboard. There are many types of electronic guitars which include the Agile, Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Flying V.
The standard guitar was first invented around the fourteenth century, so it is a relatively young instrument. It was initially used mainly for accompaniment in weddings, church meetings and on certain occasions such as in the middle ages in Germany and England. In the Renaissance it was used mainly for its tone rather than its musical ability, so it did not have a very wide repertoire of songs. However, over time it gradually replaced the nylon string acoustic guitar as the lead instrument. The nylon string acoustic guitars were replaced by the steel-stringed electric guitars, which were then followed by the aluminum guitar.
The guitar is played by plucking, fingerpicking, tapping or sometimes a combination of these methods. Modern guitarists have added different techniques to the guitar in order to create a wide variety of sounds, such as the whammy bar effect and the arpeggio. Whammy bar effect is a simple method in which the vibrato or pitch bend is created by using the whammy bar. Many guitarists also like to use the arpeggio technique where the notes are spread out evenly across the fret board.
A word guitarra refers to the part of the guitar where the fingerboard is located. In short a word guitar will usually consist of two parts, the headstock and the tailstock. Many guitar players also like to refer to the frets, which are found between the strings on the guitar. There are different ways in which the strings are plucked, namely picking, strumming, vibrating or tapping.